# Goal

Here we will run the Cyclotron flavour of OPAL (OPAL_cycl) in three distinct modes

- Tune Calculation
- Tune Calculation with OPAL's closed orbit finder (only in OPAL 2.2 and higher)

- Accelerated orbit mode

# Preparation

This example is for OPAL 2.0.x and 1.6.x (see compatible versions in examples). If you do not have already access to OPAL, you can visit the download page the download page. In case OPAL is on your cluster please check with the administrator how to use. PSI user please click here.

# Needed Input Files

For this project we need input files, that you obtain by clicking on links below:

File | Description |
---|---|

cyclotron1.in and cyclotron2.in (cyclotron1.in and cyclotron2.in for 1.6.x) | the OPAL input files |

bfield.dat | magnetic field map |

rffield1.dat and rffield2.dat | rf field maps |

dist1.dat dist2.dat | the input distributions |

ic.dat | initial conditions for the tune calculation |

refsol.dat | the reference solution for the tune calculation |

cyclotron1.gpl and cyclotron2.gpl (cyclotron2.gpl for 1.6.x) | plotting scripts for gnuplot |

# Tune Calculation using cyclotron1.in

### Needed files: cyclotron1.{in,bash,gpl}, bfield.dat, dist1.dat, ic.dat & refsol.dat

For the tune calculation we need initial conditions (ic): energy, radius and radial momenta given to us by an other program in the file ic.dat.
The Bash script cyclotron1.bash will run the tune calculation for all energies specified in ic.dat and store the
radial and vertical tune values together with reference data.
Make sure the script has execute permission (`chmod u+x cyclotron1.bash`

).
A comparison can be plotted with gnuplot, by executing

`gnuplot cyclotron1.gpl`

The result is saved in cyclotron1.pdf and shown below.

### Tune Calculation with OPAL's closed orbit finder (only in OPAL 2.2 and higher)

### Needed files

File | Description |
---|---|

cyclotronTune-2-1.in | OPAL input file |

bfield.dat | magnetic field map |

plotTunes.py | python (version 3) plotting script for tune calculation |

Since version 2.2 OPAL has a closed orbit finder with tune calculation based on Gordon's algorithm.

The important commands in the input file are:

`OPTION, CLOTUNEONLY =true;`

This tells OPAL to only perform the closed orbit finder and tune calculation.

`Ring: CYCLOTRON, TYPE="RING", CYHARMON=6, PHIINIT=0.0, PRINIT=pr0, RINIT=r0 , SYMMETRY=8.0, RFFREQ=f1, FMAPFN="bfield.dat", FMLOWE=72, FMHIGHE=590;`

The minimal and maximal energy for the tune calculation (72 and 590 MeV).

```
DistTO: DISTRIBUTION, TYPE=GAUSSMATCHED, LINE=L1,
NSTEPS=1440, DENERGY=0.001, MAXSTEPSCO = 100, NSECTORS=8, SECTOR=FALSE;
```

The matched gauss distribution with parameters for the closed orbit finder (energy steps of 0.001 GeV, average the field over 8 sectors and a maximum of 100 steps for the closed orbit finder to converge). More information on the matched gauss distribution can be found in the Manual.

Run OPAL with

`opal cyclotronTune-2-1.in`

and plot the result from the output file `data/tunes.dat`

with

`python3 plotTunes.py`

The result is saved in `RingTunes.png`

and shown below.

# Accelerated Orbit Calculation using cyclotron2.in

### Needed files: cyclotron2.{in,gpl}, bfield.dat, dist2.dat, rffield1.dat & rffield2.dat

For this calculation the initial conditions are set in the input file. Run OPAL with

`opal cyclotron2.in | tee cyclotron2.out`

where you also save the output in cyclotron2.out. It is always a good idea to check the standard output of OPAL in order to reveal problems.

`gnuplot cyclotron2.gpl`

As in the previous example, the result is saved in cyclotron2.pdf and shown below.