SBEND3D  Off Momentum beam
I have some problems in understanding my result. In bold you can see the two questions I have for you. I will explain you briefly.
The configuration is the following:
 single field map from OPERA
 nominal energy: 185 MeV
 RING definition + Local Cartesian Offset
 Particle distribution from file
From this configuration, the beam envelope looks reasonable and agrees with COSYInfinity. However, the dispersion seems not to be completely suppressed at the end of the beamline. This means that I need to study more the dispersion and the offmomentum beam.
 1st Analysis: Dispersion function
In the distribution file, I set one particle with 1% momentum shift (py = 1% p0) with respect to the nominal momentum. The tracking of this particle represents the dispersion function. The result is attached (DispersionTest1)
 2nd Analysis: OffMomentum Beam
The goal is to study the beamline behaviour with a beam that has 5% momentum shift from the nominal value. Then I have prepared a new distribution, where all the particles (except 2 particles) has a momentum shift of 5% (py = 5% p0). In the OPAL input file, I let 185 MeV as nominal energy (EDES = 0.185), the shift in momentum comes from the beam distribution.
The two notupdated particles are: 1 reference particle: py = 0 2 dispersion function: py = 1% p0
Since the majority of the particles have a different energy, the mean beam energy has been updated to 202 MeV. Has this an influence in the tracking? At the end of this “offmomentum run”, I displayed again the dispersion function, expecting to get the same result as in the first Analysis. The nominal energy, EDES, (185 MeV) did not change and the field map as well. Instead I got a completely different trajectory (see DispersionTest2).
Which is the best way to perform this kind of analysis?
Thanks for your help
Regards
Valeria
Former #23 (closed)

Does SBEND3D use a local coordinate system, relative to the beginning of the element? If so, how is this coordinate system defined?

Is the OPAL manual's description of the LENGTHUNITS correct? When adding an SBEND3D, the diagnostic output from OPAL specifies the lengths in both 'm' and 'mm,' it seems one of these is wrong and confusing. I.e.
zini= 1.0000000000000000e+03 m; zfinal= 1.0000000000000000e+03 mm
for the input file attached.
As a test case, I have tried to propagate a beam through a simple π/6 sector (input files attached). However, the beam travels straight in the initial direction, indicating to me that my element is either the wrong size or placed incorrectly relative to the beam. Perhaps you can shed some light on what I am misunderstanding about how this element interacts with the global coordinate system.